Facsimile of Original 1906 Edition

      Allen P. Bristow
            There were two Whispering Smiths, one a fictional railroad detective and the other a historic westerner whose real name was James L. Smith.
      The fictional character was the hero in the best-selling novel of 1906, titled Whispering Smith by Frank Hamilton Spearman (September 6, 1859 – December 29, 1937) and the book’s popularity made it the prototype for Western fiction.
      Spearman became fascinated by railroad lore through his contacts with the Union Pacific while a Nebraska banker. He had previously authored several stories with railroad plots and by 1904 had his Strategy of Great Railroads adopted as a textbook at Yale University.
            Determined to write about railroad detectives Spearman visited Cheyenne, Wyoming, to interview two of the most famous, Timothy Keliher and Joe LeFors. Based on their stories and with a fascination for the nickname Whispering Smith, Spearman crafted his exciting novel. His heroic character was a composite of Keliher and LeFors and the adventures found in the novel had their source in the stories of these two railroad detectives.
            Hollywood pounced on the long term success of the novel and its colorful title. Filming rights were obtained as early as 1916 and more than five motion pictures were made plus a television series in 1961. The most famous production was filmed in 1948. Alan Ladd starred in this Technicolor film and credited it with launching his career. The title “Whispering Smith” has since been adopted by musical groups, clothing manufacturers and was painted on the cowling of several bombers.
            Frank Hamilton Spearman continued to write but none of his subsequent novels achieved the success of Whispering Smith. His later years were spent in Hollywood where he turned to writing screenplays. Among the writers in the Western genre Spearman is held to equal Owen Wister and Eugene Manlove Rhodes. His best work, Whispering Smith, continues to be popular with readers although written a century ago.
            It will never be known if Spearman had any knowledge about James L. Smith, known as “Whispering Smith” in the West, nor is it known if that westerner knew of Spearman’s novel although he was still alive when it was published. The true story of James L. Smith is recounted in Whispering Smith: His Life and Misadventures by Allen P. Bristow from Sunstone Press.